History of Dover Castle. Many walls Having many walls meant that even if an enemy broke through the outer wall, there was, in effect, a second castle securely defended and stored with provisions. Cannon balls travelled a lot faster than things thrown by a catapault or trebuchet and did a lot more damage. High walls The walls of the castles were very high making it hard for attackers to climb over. The foul smell kept moths away. Concentric Castles can be described as “a Castle within a Castle”.
The garderobes to ‘guard’ the ‘robes’ were so called because people kept their clothes in them.
Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. Many walls Having many walls meant that even if an enemy broke through the outer wall, there was, in effect, a second castle securely defended and stored with provisions.
Mortar was made from water, sand and lime, and was smeared in layers and cracks castle defences primary homework help stones — when the mortar dried, the stones would be kept firmly in castle defences primary homework help. Castles started to be built using stone. These were stone boxes that projected from the walls of castles and had holes in the floors for dropping stones or boiling oil on attackers. The Saxons The church standing today in the castle was probably in the middle of a Saxon fortified town.
Concentric castle Beaumaris Castle in Wales Motte and bailey castle labelled diagram Motte and bailey castle Cardiff Castle in Wales Diagrams of three types of castles — motte and bailey, stone keep and concentric A stone keep Castle Rising in Norfolk A stone keep White Tower at the Tower of London Arrow loop from the inside Cutaway diagram of a castle wall Maiden Castle ramparts Diagram of how a trebuchet works A trebuchet A picture of a siege tower rolled up next to the castle walls.
A portcullis that could be lowered in front of the castle doors to make it harder for the enemy to ram through.
CASTLE DEFENCES PRIMARY HOMEWORK HELP
There are loads of castles all over Britain that you can walk around and castle defences primary homework help exactly what it would have been like to live there, whether you were trying to defend it or trying to attack it. These are some of the features that castles had to defend against enemy attacks: Curtain walls Tall thick curtain walls surrounded the castle buildings like a strong shield.
The first castles were built by the Normans and were called motte and bailey castles. Cattle sheep and pigs were kept on surrounding farm land.
Questions about Castles
To try to take over a castle, the enemy would try some of these tactics and weapons: The first towns and cities had walls to keep out invaders Kings and nobles fortified their large homes to protect themselves. Mottes were large hills that were made by piling dirt into a high mound. Castles castle defences primary homework help a type of home that was built to protect the people inside.
The Great Hall The great hall was the heart of castle life. Stone is a longer lasting material, and more difficult for attackers to break down. After William the Conqueror and the Normans invaded England, they immediately set to work building motte and bailey castles — these gave everyone who lived inside a good way to defend themselves against enemy attackers, and they were built close enough together so people in one castle could warn people in another one quickly if they saw the enemy castle defences primary homework help.
He also put an outer wall around the Tower of London making castle defences primary homework help a concentric castle. What are Medieval Castles? High walls The walls of the castles were very high making it hard for attackers to climb over.
The Normans Archaeological evidence suggests that a wooden castle was built by the Normans around the church and lighthouse.
The motte and bailey were protected by deep ditch full of water all the way around it called a moat.
CASTLE DEFENCES PRIMARY HOMEWORK HELP
Concentric castles became even more popular after the invention of gunpowder since they could withstand a siege whilst a regular castle could not. The walls were often painted and the windows made from stained glass.
The lord and lady began each day by attending a short service.